Somali Numbers and Counting

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numbers and counting

 Here is the Somali numbers and Counting

additional resources for Somali Numbers pdf

Numbers 1-10 Lambarada 1-10
Zero Eber
One Kow or Hal
Two Labo
Three Saddex
Four Afar
Five Shan
Six Lix
Seven Todobo
Eight Siddeed
Nine Sagaal
Ten Toban

The order of numbers are flexible for example (Twenty One) in Somali cabn be writtem in two ways (Kow iyo Labaatan) and (Labaatan iyo Kow) are same thing.

Numbers 10-20 Lambarada 10-20
Eleven Kow iyo toban (Toban iyo Kow)
Twelve Labo iyo toban (Toban iyo Labo)
Thirteen Saddex iyo toban (Toban iyo Saddex)
Fourteen Afar iyo toban(Toban iyo Afar)
Fifteen Shan iyo toban (Toban iyo Shan)
Sixteen Lix iyo toban (Toban iyo Lix)
Seventeen Todobo iyo toban  (Toban iyo Todobo)
Eighteen Siddeed iyo toban (Toban iyo Siddeed)
Nineteen Sagaal iyo toban (Toban iyo Sagaal)
Twenty Labaatan

 

Numbers 10-100 (tens) Lambarada 10-100 (toban)
Ten Toban
Twenty Labaatan
Thirty Soddon
Forty Afartan
Fifty Konton
Sixty Lixdan
Seventy Todobaatan
Eighty Siddeetan
Ninety Sagaashan
Hundred Boqol

 

Numbers100-1000(hundreds) Lambarada 100-1000(boqol)
One Hundred boqol
Two Hundred Labo boqol (It is not acceptable to say Boqol Labo)
Three Hundred Saddex boqol
Four Hundred Afar boqol
Five Hundred Shan boqol
Six Hundred Lix boqol
Seven Hundred Todobo boqol
Eight Hundred Siddeed boqol
Nine Hundred Sagaal boqol
Thousand Kun
Million Milyan
Billion Bilyan
Trillion Trilyan

Arithmetic operators:  Calaamadaha Xisaabta

This is a the basics of math word translated to the Somali math words.

Count –  Tiro

Math – Xisaab

Sign  – Calaamad

Addition – Isugayn/ Isku dar

Subtraction – Kalagoyn/ Kala jar

Multiplication – Isku dhufasho

Division – Isuqaybin

Equal – Isle’eg

Greater than –  Ka wayn

Less than – Ka yar

Calculator – Kolkoleetar

When you are learning the Somali language, you will see that the order of the words or numbers can change. Here is an example of how the words can change places. (Two minus Two can be written in three ways 1- Labo ka jar Labo or 2-Labo Labo ka jar) or(Ka jar Labo Labo). If you had to translate (Labo Labo ka jar directly into English, it would be (Two Two minus ) Which wouldn’t make sense in the English Language). There Will be a whole article dedicated to this matter which will have many examples. The only reason this is mentioned in here is that is relates to how mathematics are written. In the Table below, we will use the most common ways used.

 

Plus  (One plus One) Ku dar/Lagu daray  (Hal Hal ku dar) or (Hal lagu daray Hal)
Minus (Two minus Two) Ka jar/Laga jaray(Labo Labo Ka jar) or (Labo laga jaray Labo)
Times(Three  times five) Ku dhufo/Lagu dhuftay(Saddex Shan ku dhufo) or ( Saddex lagu dhuftay Shan)
Divided By (Fifty Dived by 10) U qaybi / Loo qaybiyay(Konton Toban u qaybi) or (Konton Loo qaybiyay Toban)
Is equal to (six minus six is equal to zero ) Waxay la mid tahay(lix laga jaray lix Waxay la mid tahay eber)
Is greater than (two is greater then one)Is not greater  than (two is not greater than two) Waxay ka wayn tahay(Labo waxay ka wayn tahay hal)Kama wayna (Labo kama wayna hal)
is less than (Eight is less then nine)

is not less than (Eight is less than seven)

 Waxay ka yar tahay(Labo waxay ka yar tahay hal)

Kama yara(Labo kama yara hal)

In Somali language,  using the article (the) is usually divided into masculine and feminine. You can check this post for more details. This also applies to the numbers too. This table will have examples. The Somali table will have fem for feminine and masc for masculine:

(The Number) Lambarka (masc)
The Zero Eberka (masc)
The One Kowda(fem) or Halka(musc)
The Two Laboda(fem)
The Three Saddexda (fem)
The Four Afarta (fem)
The Five Shanta(fem)
The Six Lixda(fem)
The Seven Todoboda(fem)
The Eight Siddeedda(fem)
The Nine Sagaalka(musc)
The Ten Tobanka (musc)
The Eleven Kow iyo Tobanka (musc)

The twenty , thirty, forty … until the one hundred all use (ka) and are considered masculine.

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