Somali Tenses

Somali Present Tenses

The table below will give you some examples on each of these four tenses. We used the Subject (I) for simplicity.

In the next few weeks or so, we will add the four past tenses, and the four future tenses . One thing to remember is that, the Somali and English tenses may not exactly match but we will do our best to give you examples that make it simple.

Somali Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect and present Perfect Continuous.

The followed (Waxaan) tells us the subject is (I) and when you combine (waxaan) with right form of the verb, those two can indicate the pronoun and there for makes it optional for (Aniga) to be in there.

Side note: Somali language is one of the gender based languages, where abject fall into either female or male category. For example.

A boat (f) Doon

The boat – Doonta

Ship (m) Markab

The ship – markabka











Simple Continuous Perfect


Perfect Continuous
S + v+ Object


I like Coffee.

I eat peanuts.

I know Sara.

I see someone.


S +aux+past


I am watching TV.

I am eating Lunch.

I am buying coffee.

I am reading a book.


S +aux+past verb+O


I have taught in middle school since 2010.

I have played that game many times.

I have taken two exams so far.

I have seen her before.


S +aux+past verb+O


I am tired, I have been studying math since 5 O’clock.

I have been selling gold for nine years.

I have been driving this Jeep for 3 years.



Aniga Waxaan ka helaa qaxwe.


Aniga Waxaan cunaa lows.

Aniga Waxaan aqaanaa Sara.

Aniga Waxaan arkaa qof.


Aniga Waxaan daawanayaa TV.

Aniga Waxaan cunayaaa qado.

Aniga Waxaan gadanayaa qaxwe.

Aniga Waxaan akhrinayaa buug.


Aniga Waxaan barayay dugsi dhexe ilaa 2010.

Aniga Waxaan ciyaaray ciyaartaas marmar badan.

Aniga Waxaan qaatay labo imtixaan ilaa hadda.

Aniga Waxaan arkay ayada mar hore.


Aniga waan daalay, Waxaan baranayaa xisaabta ilaa 5tii saac.

Aniga Waxaan iibinayaa dahab ilaa intii sagaal sano ah.

Aniga Waxaan wadayaa Jeep taan ilaa intii 3 sano ah.

The pronoun (Aniga) is an optional to include it in beginning of  the sentence.


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